ON JUNE 12 WORLD DAY AGAINST CHILD LABOUR
-Hundreds of millions of girls and boys worldwide are victims of child labor putting themselves at risk and dangerous work that deprives them of adequate education, health, leisure and basic freedoms. Most of them are exposed to the worst forms of child labor such as working in hazardous environments, slavery or other forms of forced labor, illegal activities such as drug trafficking and prostitution, as well as participation in armed conflicts.
International Labour Organization (ILO) in 2002 launched the first World Day Against Child Labour as a way to highlight the situation of these children. World Day against Child Labour aims to promote awareness and action to tackle child labor. Support for this day has grown each year.According to the ILO Global Report on child labor in 2010. estimated that there are 215 million child laborers worldwide, a 115 million children engaged in hazardous work children's health, safety or morals. The attention of the international community today and nongovernmental organizations such as for example the Global March against Child Labour aimed at removing the toughest forms of child labor by 2016, but worries that it will achieve is greater due to the fact that this problem does not enough attention or resources to achieve sustainable social change. To achieve the elimination of worst forms of child labor requires great effort and commitment in terms of reducing poverty, better social protection and inclusion of all children in education. In celebration of the June 12 International Day Against Child Labour, first child Embassy in the World reminds us that although the Republic of Macedonia ratified the convention br.182, yet the state of child labor is alarming. The e 18 000 children in Macedonia do not go to school and over 2000 children daily day pass on the street in substandarni conditions, living under the open sky without parental care. Often these children are victims of the hardest forms of child labor. They are from all ages and nationalities, but the most were Roma. The right of all children to learn is the natural right of every human being. This is especially true for street children, because if the state must provide free and quality education for every child can close the circle of illiteracy, poverty, child exploitation and abuse. street children are involved in school will be part of the educational process and have other habits and needs. You should have to fulfill the school obligations. There are significant differences between the type of work that children perform. Some of them are dangerous to their physical and mental health, some of them threatening the moral welfare of children.Children perform a wide range of activities when working. Yet often the term "child labor" means action which made ??the children and that deprives them of their childhood, their potential, their dosoinstvo and damage to their mental and physical development. Article 3 of the Convention br.182 to ban the worst forms abuse of child labor states that the worst forms of child labor shall apply to all types of slavery, sale and trafficking of children, forced and compulsory labor, use mediation or offer a child for prostitution, production of pornography; use mediation a child for illegal activity, production and trafficking of drugs work by its nature or circumstances that have been prejudicial to the health, safety or morals of children. Committee on the Rights of the UN, a year ago sent a recommendation to the Government Republic of Macedonia, which says:"The Committee recommends the state to strengthen enforcement of laws and policies on labor relations and to explore root causes to prevent children at risk of child labor, particularly in the informal economy." As is known, the Government of the Republic of Macedonia makes efforts to reduce child labor by opening day care centers, where the majority of children who for various reasons are not included in the regular educational process every day to come. The day centers are given food, clothing, obavuvat basic hygiene needs and acquire the basic educational content. But the position of rights Embassy in the World is that day care centers are not a permanent solution for securing the fundamental rights of children entitled to a home, education and protection from abuse of child labor. Often these children after their stay at the day care center once before on the street and perform their informal everyday tasks (collecting scrap metal, plastic, preporodavanje small sundries and pitachnje). The reason for this is not their desire or reluctance to enjoy children's games and carefree, often these children we feel obliged to provide subsistence for his family. No less different is the situation with children who are victims of child labor in rural areas, agriculture, livestock, or household (especially girls). We hope that this year this day, June 12, will be widely supported by governments , organizations of workers and employers and all those concerned with the problem of handling and use of child labor. Special emphasis should be placed on preventive action to combat child labor. Teachers, journalists, employers, unions and the children should be informed about ways to deal with child labor. More information about what each of us should take independent in that capacity performs (employer, teacher, parent, journalist ..) to help fight against the abuse of children can be found on our website
http://childrensembassy.org . mk /? ItemID = B532A1E81BF37A4B9F7728776B74078E